In 2017, the Arboretum’s Seasonal Landscape Exhibits program focuses on plants and nesting sites for butterfly species. Throughout the gardens where seasonally-planted landscapes and container gardens are located, the plants selected in those gardens supports foods – both pollen and nectar – for insects with a focus on butterflies. Some plantings also demonstrate nesting or home sites for pollinators. The Arboretum’s recently rebuilt Quilt Garden is designed using a “Butterfly” quilt block pattern, which supports and calls attention to the life cycle and biology behind beloved butterflies, including the Monarch.
Bee Campus USA
The North Carolina Arboretum was recently designated as the seventh educational institution in the nation – and first campus in North Carolina – to be certified as an affiliate of the Bee Campus USA program, designed to marshal the strengths of educational campuses for the benefit of pollinators.
As part of the Bee Campus USA certification, the Arboretum established a specific Bee Campus USA committee to develop a Campus Pollinator Habitat Plan and include a locally-native, pollinator-friendly plant list with regional sources for such plants and a least-toxic Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan. The plant list and IPM plan offer a valuable landscape-management model applicable to other local landscapes. All Bee City Campuses must reapply each year and report their accomplishments from the previous year.
Phyllis Stiles, Director, Bee Campus USA
"Imperiled pollinators are responsible for the reproduction of more than three-quarters of the world's plant and tree species. The N.C. Arboretum is a stellar example of the influence educational institutions can have on their visitors, students and larger communities.
- The N.C. Arboretum 2016 Spring Pollinator Plant List
- The N.C. Arboretum 2016 Summer Pollinator Plant List
- Top 25 Pollinator Plants for the Piedmont Region, prepared by Debbie Roos, sustainable agriculture agent, N.C. Cooperative Extension. [Addresses plants that are adapted for warmer plant hardiness zones as well as overlapping with Zone 6 plants. The Arboretum gardens are located in plant hardiness Zone 6.]
- Tips on Gardening with and for Pollinator Species from the U.S. Forest Service
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on the long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques, such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices and use of resistant varieties.
The North Carolina Arboretum’s IPM program employs the following:
Choosing Proper Plant Material for the Garden Site (i.e. “right plant, right place”)
- Selecting drought tolerant and disease resistant plant varieties
- Scouting for healthy nursery stock before purchasing or planting in garden sites
- Designing a landscape plan that selects plants for the site’s conditions
Daily and Weekly Monitoring of Plants in the Gardens and Seasonal Exhibits
- Correctly identifying pests and diseases to understand which management approaches will be most effective
- CountingPest population to determine if the pest population is at or past the threshold and if a threat to plant health exists due to pest population.
Utilizing Combinations of IPM Management Tools
- Biological controls – Apply natural products like horticultural oils or predatory insects to combat the pest organism
- Cultural practices – Water under the plant foliage to keep foliage dry; grooming plants to create air flow and support healthy growth.
- Mechanical practices – Mulch for weed management and disease pathogen suppression; hand collecting harmful insect species
- Chemical control – Apply pesticides as a last resort to resolving a pest or disease issue
Fertilization and Watering
- Take a soil sample annually to understand soil pH and fertility levels/needs
- Understand the water needs for plants during each growing season and adjust watering regime to suit
- Water lawns deeply and less often to encourage deep roots and healthy turf grasses and turn all clippings into the lawn to return the plant matter and nitrogen it contains to the soil thereby reducing the use of nitrogen-rich fertilizers
IPM Record Keeping
- Log in garden locations and plant host names for any and all infestations, including pest or disease presence, life stage and counts
- Record history of past problems and method of controls applied
- Record current method or treatment control applied
Interested in learning more about the Arboretum's pollinator program or looking for additional information on a specific pollinator plant? Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 828-665-2492.